This cemetery has been mistakenly referred to as the Hill End Cemetery in recent years, at no time has it ever been officially noted as such. The Cemetery had its beginnings as the Church of England Church graveyard created at the same time as the opening of the Church of England Church. No area was allocated for a C of E Church graveyard but most likely it followed the long held tradition of including a church graveyard within the confines of the Church perimeter. It occupied the area within the fence around the first Church which was built in 1854. Not long after the Church was opened interments started to appear. The fence line shown in the images below is not indicative of the current fence line even though the images were taken around 1872. The fence line may not have changed to conform with the surveyed parcel or land until after the Church of England relocated their Church in 1871.
First Bark C of E Church with graves within the fence line
In 1859 Mr. Surveyor Price was sent to the town of Tambaroora to undertake a survey of the layout of the town in preparation of it officially becoming a Town named Tambaroora. One of the Surveyors undertakings was to try and bring some sort of uniformity to the layout of the town from what was at the time a haphazard collection of buildings and roads. One of these buildings would have been the Church of England Church which had been in existence since 1854. Once his task had been completed arrangements were made to allocate parcels of land for public usage, in 1863 the NSW Government Gazette had authorised the appropriation of
Lots 1, 2 and 3 of Section 16
for the use of the Church of England. The image below shows the result of the survey on the 1859 Town Map Section 16 and the land occupied by the Church of England, Lot One was allocated to the School, Lot 2 for the Church and Lot 3 for the Parsonage. The school can be seen in the top of the image, the Church on Lot 2 can be seen surrounded by a fence, this was the original position of the Church. This has been confirmed by images of graves located within the vicinity of the Church. The aerial image also shows the alignment of the graves prior to 1874 when the cemetery was unofficially changed to a General Cemetery and re-aligned to reflect the surveyed boundaries made by Surveyor Price in 1859.
Position of Bark Church and Fence Line from the 1859 Town Survey Map
Image courtesy of the State Records NSW
Position of Bark Church and Fence Line showing the change in alignment of the graves
Reproduced from the 1860 Survey Map overlaid on Google Earth Pro
The image above represents where the original church and graveyard were located within the current cemetery. The largest red box is the outline of Lot 2 Section 16, Lot One was located to the north of Lot Two, Lot Three to the south of Lot Two was gazetted as the Parsonage. The red dashed line box and mimic'd by the solid red line box is the outline of the original fence line. The smaller red box within the fence line is the position of the bark C of E Church as seen in the images above. This was the size of the cemetery up until at least 1872 when the above images were taken.
An aerial image of the General Cemetery with an insert of the position of the original church graveyard within the current cemetery. The alignment of the graves in the church graveyard differs from those of the later period when the graveyard became an all denominational cemetery circa 1874.
1871 saw the Church building re-locate to its new site at Lot 4 and 5 Section 2, the graveyard remained at its present location and took on the roll as the area's General Cemetery circa 1874.
Trustee's were appointed
Joseph James WALPOLE
Thomas Sheridan COOPER
for the Church of England portion of the General Cemetery, interestingly this coincided with the formation and tabling of the by-laws in Parliament of the Hill End Municipal Council who may have assumed responsibility for the Cemetery. The decision to make it the General Cemetery may have been a local one as the Bathurst Diocese were not aware of the change nor was there entries in the Government Gazettes to reflect the change from Church of England dedicated land to that of a General Cemetery. These changes did no take effect until 1951 when the Cemetery was officially recognised.
was noted in 1876 as being the Sexton for the Church and at the time was living at Lot 1 Section 21 which he had purchased in 1865, the Lot was located on the other side of Steele Street across from the Church.
Even though the land had been occupied by the Church of England since 1854 it was not granted to the "United Church of England and Ireland" and its Trustee's until 1884 (174) (175) (176)
, the land usage was still noted as being for a School, Church and Parsonage, the same as for the 1863 NSW Government Gazette, but by then the Church had already moved to its new location so in effect the Grants were already obsolete when issued.
The first Trustee's documented and appointed for these Grants were:
Joseph James WALPOLE
Herbert James PATEN
(174) (175) (176)
After years of neglect the Cemetery received some well deserved tender loving care,
community members rallied
to the task and in 1917 efforts were made to return the Cemetery to its former state.
In 1929 a corporate trust from Bathurst undertook to rejuvenate the Cemetery, it was not until after this activity that it was realised that the Trust had inadvertently cleaned the wrong Cemetery, they had cleaned the Tambaroora General Cemetery in the western part of Tambaroora which had been surveyed and dedicated in 1898. When this error had been realised representations were made to religious and political authorities over the cemeteries management and non denominational burials. One of which saw a delegation from Tambaroora and Hill End approach the Bishop of Bathurst regarding the
ongoing management of the Cemetery
, it was at this meeting that it was found that the Cemetery was not in fact a dedicated Cemetery of any denomination, having never being gazetted for that purpose. The Bishop of Bathurst stated that other denominations would continue to be interred in the Cemetery but it was to be understood that the Church still had
control of the land
It took another 20 years before any positive steps were made to officially recognise the Cemetery. In 1950 a
proposal for the resumption
of the dedication of Lots 1, 2 and 3 Section 16 made in 1863 and the Re-Dedication as a General Cemetery was made in the NSW Government Gazette.
It was not until 1951 when the NSW Government Gazette of that year revoked the 1863 NSW Government Gazette for the lands usage and the land was re-dedicated as a General Cemetery.
Trustee's were appointed
for the Church of England portion of the General Cemetery in 1952.